cameroonCameroon is located in the West Central Africa. The population of Cameroon is over 21 million and its capital city is Yaoundé. Both French and English are considered official languages. Cameroon is also called as “Africa in miniature” due to its diverse geographical and cultural features. Its topography comprises mountains, deserts, forests, savannas, rivers, and beaches. The country’s south-western part has a coastline with the Atlantic Ocean. The climate of Cameroon is humid, tropical in the coastal area and semi-arid to hot in the north. There are periods of intensive rainfall and high temperatures in the plains while the highlands are less warm.

title=Context

Context

Cameroon is administratively divided into 10 semi-autonomous regions. The regions are sub-divided into 58 divisions, which are further divided into sub-divisions, and each sub-division has a number of districts.  Although Cameroon is the fifth biggest oil producer country in sub-Saharan Africa, yet the agriculture sector remains most important for its economy as it accounts for about half of the total exports. During the colonial period, commercial crops like cacao, coffee, banana and rubber were grown on large plantations. Cameroon had its own Green Revolution in 1972 when mono-cropping and the use of heavily subsidized fertilizers and pesticides, backed by convenient credit, were encouraged by the government’s policy. However, the Green Revolution remained confined to the production of export crops. Later, in 1986, as the price of crops like cacao and coffee fell drastically in the international market, the poverty and food insecurity struck Cameroon leading to serious crisis, forcing the government to change its policy.

Currently, agriculture in Cameroon is re-emerging as a promising industry, and young people are returning to the land, thanks due to donor-funded projects, in particular the World Bank funded Agricultural Competiveness Project (PACA). Presently, the main cash crops cultivated include cocoa, coffee, cotton, bananas, rubber, palm oil and kernels, and peanuts. The important food crops are plantains, cassava, corn, millet and sugarcane. Currently, Cameroon is the sixth largest cocoa producer in the world. Agricultural practices, however, remain traditional in general. 

Key Statistics and Indicators

Indicator

Value

Year  

Agricultural land (sq km)

Agricultural land (% of land area)

Arable land (hectares)

Arable land (% of land area)

Arable land (hectares per person)

96,000

20.30

6,200,000

13.11

0.29

2011

2011

2011

2011

2011

Fertilizer consumption (kg per hectare of arable land)

6.66

2009

Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)

Food production index (2004-2006 = 100)

Food exports (% of merchandise exports)

Food imports (% of merchandise imports)

19.71

150.61

40.08

25.09

2007

2011

2011

2011

GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)

1170

2012

Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above)

Literacy rate, youth female (% of females ages 15-24)

Literacy rate, youth male (% of males ages 15-24)

Ratio of young literate females to males (% ages 15-24)

Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment (%)

70.67

77.48

89.41

86.65

84.45

2007

2007

2007

2007

2011

Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)

Internet users (per 100 people)

52.35

5

2011

2011

Population, total

Population density (people per sq. km of land area)

Rural population

Rural population (% of total population)

Agricultural population (% of total population)*

Total economically active population

Total economically active population in agriculture*

Total economically active population in agriculture (in %

    of total economically active population)*

Female economically active population in agriculture (% of

     total economically active population in agriculture)*

21,699,631

44.75

10,273,039

47.34

36.94

8,489,175

3,568,000

42.02

47.36

2012

2011

2012

2012

2012

2011

2010

2011

2010

Sources: The World Bank; *FAO

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Acknowledgements

  • Authored by M. Kalim Qamar (August 2013)
  • Edited by Burton E. Swanson

Comments  

# agricultureAyori 2016-03-16 14:38
Hello,
I will like to start by thanking and appreciating all you
effort you are putting to improve the agricultural sector in my
country.I am writing on behalf of my family and i.we have a 4.2
hectares of land,located in the NW region of Cameroon(Bui division
Banso Jakiri precisely at waksi ber) .My main reason for writing is
because the land has not exploited for a very long time now. we have
all the particulars of the land and will be so grateful if we can get
help from you guys
thanks and hoping to hear from you.
Reply
# Re: agricultureLorenz Schwarz 2016-03-16 15:20
Hello Avori
GFRAS is a global network and can unfortunately not provide you with the information you seek. But I advice you to contact our local expert . He may know where you can get advise.
Kindly, Lorenz
Reply