Ukraine is located in Eastern Europe, and is the second largest country in the European Continent, bordering Black Sea and Sea of Azov on its southern and southeastern sides respectively. Its population is about 47 million and the capital of Ukraine is Kiev. The country was a part of the Soviet Union block until its independence in 1991. Presently, Ukraine is a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). It is a unitary state, administratively divided into 24 oblasts (provinces) and one autonomous republic, Crimea. The oblasts are sub-divided into rayons (districts).

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Acknowledgements Authored by M. Kalim Qamar (June 2013) Edited by Burton E. Swanson

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