chileChile is a South American country located on an incredibly thin, 2,700-mile strip of land, whose width never exceeds 150 miles, stretching along the southwestern coast of South America. The Pacific Ocean lines its entire southwestern border while on the eastern border is located a wall of Andes mountain range containing about 50 active volcanic peaks. The country’s north is rich in minerals, especially copper. Chile’s population is about 17.5 million, and most of it resides in the central part of the country. The capital of Chile is Santiago, which hosts the Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Chile is rated as an upper income, stable and prosperous country. The country is administratively divided into 15 regions, which are sub-divided into provinces. Each province is divided into communes, administered by municipalities. Regions are identified by their names along with assigned Roman numerals.

title=Conteyt

Context

Chile enjoys a variety of climates, including very dry desert climate in the north, Mediterranean climate in the center, and somewhat oceanic, temperate climate in other parts.  Agriculture is an important economic sector. The country has a history of several land related issues and reform measures. According to the 1997 Chilean Agricultural Census, the average size of subsistence farms was 17.16 hectares, of transition farms 26.65 hectares, and of consolidated farms 65.90 hectares. Average large farms were of about 1,090 hectares. Major crops cultivated in Chile are wheat, corn, sugarcane, oats, barley, rapeseed (canola) and rice. Fruits and vegetables grown include grapes, apples, peaches, nectarines, pears, oranges, avocado, lemons, lime, onion, garlic, asparagus and beans. Beef, wool, poultry, fish and timber constitute important sub-sectors of Chile’s economy.

Key Statistics and Indicators

Indicator

Value

Year  

Agricultural land (sq. km)

Agricultural land (% of land area)

Arable land (hectares)

Arable land (% of land area)

Arable land (hectares per person)

157,890

21.23

1,317,000

1.77

0.07

2011

2011

2011

2011

2011

Fertilizer consumption (kg per hectare of arable land)

543.31

2010

Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)

Food production index (2004-2006 = 100)

Food exports (% of merchandise exports)

Food imports (% of merchandise imports)

3.69

116.03

18.89

7.42

2011

2011

2012

2012

GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)

14280

2012

Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above)

Literacy rate, youth female (% of females ages 15-24)

Literacy rate, youth male (% of males ages 15-24)

Ratio of young literate females to males (% ages 15-24)

Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment (%)

98.55

98.89

98.85

100.03

103.02

2009

2009

2009

2009

2011

Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)

Internet users (per 100 people)

138.49

61.41

2012

2012

Population, total

Population density (people per sq. km of land area)

Rural population

Rural population (% of total population)

Agricultural population (% of total population)*

Total economically active population

Total economically active population in agriculture*

Total economically active population in agriculture (in %

    of total economically active population)

Female economically active population in agriculture (% of

     total economically active population in agriculture)*

17,464,814

23.27

1,860,142

10.65

5.51

8,182,386

964,000

11.78

14.21

2012

2011

2012

2012

2011

2011

2010

2011

2011

Sources: The World Bank; *Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FAO

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Acknowledgements

  • Authored by M. Kalim Qamar (November 2013)
  • Edited by Burton E. Swanson