rwandaPrior to 1994, the extension system in Rwanda was dominated by the government through the Ministry of Agriculture (MINAGRI) using a top-down approach that included the Training and Visit (T&V) extension model introduced by the World Bank. After the 1994 genocide, both national and international NGOs began organizing farmers in groups and associations and providing them with extension advices and services.

History

History

Most of these NGOs worked in isolation with little or no coordination or sharing of information among them. In order to revamp extension and provide adequate linkages between research, extensions and the various actors in the sector, MINAGRI undertook a restructuring that lead to the creation of Rwanda Agricultural Board (RAB) and the National Agricultural Export Board (NAEB).  The recent decision by the Government of Rwanda to decentralize agricultural extension activities to the Ministry of Local Government (MINALOC) aims at addressing efficiently specific needs of farm households within each district. This move along with a redeployment of staff especially Subject Matter Specialists (SMSs) should strengthen extension and enhance its role by positioning staff closer to the population they are intended to serve. The current public Agricultural Extension including MINAGRI at National/Zonal level and MINALOC at the District, Sector and cell level operate through offices in 30 Districts, 416 Sectors, 1,500 Cells and 14,876 Village. The widely accepted notion that extension should be provided through a pluralistic system that include the public sector, international and local NGOs, as well as the private sector fit well with the Government new extension strategy. The public and private sector as well as local and international NGOs in Rwanda are actively involved in providing extension advisory services to Rwanda farmers across 14,876 villages.

At the national level, Rwanda public extension comprises 1244 staff members and is managed by a team of 92 senior staff according to the MEAS report (2011). Only one staff member has a Master of Science degree and the rest of the team studied at the bachelor level.  Women account for 36% of senior management staff.  There are 175 subject matter specialists to provide backsopping support to the field staff, none of them has a graduate degree and 23% of which are female.  Field level extension workers constitute the bulk of staff (78%), with 87 % of them holding a 2 to 3 year agricultural diploma or less, and less than 30% are female. There are two other groups of workers: Information, Communication & Technology (ICT) Support Staff and In-Service Training Staff. Although the public sector does not employ in-service training staff, 3 workers are involved in ICT support services (Table 1).

Table 1: Human Resources in the Public Extension Service in Rwanda (Government and Ministry of Local Government -based Extension Organizations)

Major Categories of Extension Staff

Secondary School diploma

2-3 yr. Ag diploma

B.Sc. degree

M.Sc./Ing. Agr. degree

Ph.D. degree

Gender

F

M

F

M

F

M

F

M

F

M

Senior Management Staff

23

68

1

Subject Matter Specialists (SMS)

9

23

31

112

Field Level Extension Staff

12

250

582

30

95

1

4

Information, Communications & Technology (ICT) Support Staff

3

In-Service Training Staff

Total Extension Staff:   1244                  

 

12

259

605

87

275

2

4

0

0

Source: IFPRI/FAO/IICA Worldwide Extension Study, 2011

Comments  

# Training for agricultural mechanizationJustin RUKUNDO 2016-05-19 08:17
I am in level V agricultural mechanization(AM) in Nyagatare campus.
In our domain, to get training it is very difficult be cause we are new in our country.
If you look for the other department they can get interneship for expanding their skills.
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# PhD candidate (Agricultural economics)Shakiru 2017-01-03 00:43
please updated the data on this website (MEAS report 2011), we are already in 2017, Only one staff member has a Master of Science degree….are you sure, just visit only One acre fund-Remera-RWANDA
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# Data from 2011GFRAS Webmaster 2017-01-03 09:42
Hi Shakiru
Please note that the data is from 2011, so definitely outdated. We'd love to update it but do not have the means at this time to do so. The new DLEC programme by USAID has the intention to tackle this issue.
Kindly, GFRAS Secretariat
Reply