maliGovernments in many countries including sub-Saharan African countries have traditionally taken the dominant role in the provision of agricultural extension services because of the important contribution of the agricultural sector to the economy. In Mali, governmental and parastatal extension services are by far the most important agricultural extension and advisory services providers because of the number of field staff members (841), the extent of geographic coverage and the range of technical areas.  To lend support to the government, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and projects provide temporary or occasional extension and advisory services, alongside the private sector whose contribution to EAS is very limited.