Twin islands of Trinidad and Tobago are located in the Caribbean, very close to northeast Venezuela. The distance between the two islands is 19 miles. Trinidad, the larger island with 1,864 square miles, is by and large flat, with the exception of some high mountains and it is quite industrialized. The island of Tobago, with just 116 square miles in size, is densely forested with hardwood trees and in general remains very rural. The country enjoys rich deposits of oil and gas. The capital of Trinidad and Tobago is Port of Spain. The combined population of both islands was estimated as 1.3 million (2011). The country is divided into nine administrative regions, three boroughs, two cities and one ward. Each region is divided into several counties.  The climate of Trinidad and Tobago is tropical, warm and humid. The country has a dry season from January to May and a wet season from June to December.


  Acknowledgements Authored by M. Kalim Qamar (January 2013) Edited by Burton E. Swanson